Maharashtra State - Overview of Maharashtra State and List of Districts

Maharashtra State - Overview of Maharashtra State and List of Districts: Maharashtra is the second most populated state in India. It is also the largest commercial and industrial centre in India. The capital city of Maharashtra is Mumbai. Maharashtra is one of the leading states of India in agriculture, industrial production and transport and education.


Maharashtra State

 Overview of Maharashtra State and List of Districts   


Overview of Maharashtra State


The shape of Maharashtra state is like a triangle. It has 450 miles long coastline. The state is surrounded by Gujarat in the northwest, Madhya Pradesh in the north, Chhattisgarh in the east, Telangana in the southeast, Goa in the southwest and Karnataka in the south. There is Goa in the southwest direction and Dadra and Nagar Haveli and the Arabian Sea in the west. The role of Maharashtra in Indian politics and economy is very important. There are 36 districts in the state and these 36 districts of Maharashtra are divided into 109 sub-divisions and 357 talukas.

History of Maharashtra State

The name of Maharashtra is believed to be derived from the word ‘Maharathi’ meaning the great chariot driver. Various rulers and dynasties of India are Vatakas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas and Chalukyas. Islamic ruling also has a great influence on the history of Maharashtra. Khiljis, Mohammad Bin Tughlaq, Bahmani Sultanate are a few Islamic rulers who rule the region. Maratha Empire is a landmark for Maharashtra. Chatrapati Sivaji brought the region out from the clutches of Muslim rulers. He and his sons ruled Maharashtra for a considerable amount of time.
 
After this, Maharashtra was under the rule of Peshwas. These are the last rulers of the Sivaji dynasty. From then the state was under British rule and after independence, there were a lot of political changes in the state. ‘Bombay State’ was the union of western Maharashtra and present Gujarat. Easter parts of the present Maharashtra were in the ‘Hyderabad State’. Modern Maharashtra was formed in 1960 and Bombay was chosen as the capital city.

Tourist Places in Maharashtra state

Beautiful mountains and beaches, wonderful sceneries, many types of museums, historical places, forts etc are there in Maharashtra, making it the most popular tourist destination There is no doubt that visiting Maharashtra will be a memorable experience for any tourist. There are around 350 forts and most of them were built by Chatrapati Sivaji. Among these Vijaya Durga, Sidhu Durga, Sivaneri – the birthplace of Sivaji, Pratap Ghad and others are the popular forts. Lonawala, Kandalama, Panchgani and others are the popular hill stations. There are nearly 13 museums and among these Girijan museums in Pune, Prince of Wales museum and Jahangir art gallery are popular. Tourists will love the Marine Drive, Choupatti and other beaches. Other must visit tourists places in Maharashtra are Ajanta and Ellora caves, Elephanta caves, Mahalakshmi temple to name a few.

Districts of Maharashtra State

Ahmednagar Akola Amravati
Aurangabad Beed Bhandara
Buldhana Chandrapur Dhule
Gadchiroli Gondia Hingoli
Jalgaon Jalna Kolhapur
Latur Mumbai City Mumbai Suburban
Nagpur Nanded Nandurbar
Nashik Osmanabad Palghar
Parbhani Pune Raigad
Ratnagiri Sangli Satara
Sindhudurg Solapur Thane
Wardha Washim Yavatmal

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