B.R Ambedkar Biography: Birth, Early Life, Education, Political Career

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Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Biography - BR Ambedkar Biography: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh State, India. He was also known as Baba Saheb Ambedkar. He did well in school and got his PhD from both London University and Columbia University of London. He became known as a professor because he studied law, economics, and politics. At the start of his career, he worked as an editor, economist, professor, and campaigner against caste-based abuse against Dalits. In his later years, Dr B.R. Ambedkar took part in political activities.



B.R Ambedkar Biography

 

Key Facts

Full Name Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
Born 14 April 1891
Place of Birth Mhow, India
Died 6 December 1956
Place of Death New Delhi, India
Resting place Chaitya Bhoomi, Mumbai, India
Parents

Father: Ramji Maloji Sakpal

Mother: Bhimabai Sakpal

Spouse(s) Ramabai Ambedkar (m. 1906; died 1935)​
Savita Ambedkar ​(m. 1948)
Political party Independent Labour Party
Scheduled Castes Federation



B.R Ambedkar Birth, Education & Life


He was born in the city of Mhow in the state of Madhya Pradesh. His father was an officer in the British Indian army. His name was Ramji Makoji Sakpal. His father had thirteen other sons before Dr B.R. Ambedkar. His mother was Bhimabai Sakpal. His family was from the town of Ambawade and spoke Marathi. Dr B. R. Ambedkar was born a Dalit, and people didn't touch him. He was treated badly in social and business ways all the time. Ambedkar went to school, but he and other Dalit students could not touch anyone. They were removed from a group of kids from a different caste, and the teachers didn't pay much attention to them. They couldn't even sit with other kids while they got their own water.

He and other Dalit students could not touch anything, so the peon would help him drink water. In 1894, his father retired, and two years after they moved to Satara, his mother died. Ambedkar was the only one of his brothers and sisters to pass his test and go to high school. Later in high school, a Brahmin teacher at his school changed his last name from Ambadawekar to Ambedkar. Before that, his father had given him the name Ambadawekar. This shows how bad the discrimination against Dalits was. Education for Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar Ambedkar was the only outcast to attend Elphinstone High School. He did this in 1897. In 1906, when Ambedkar was 15, he married Ramabai, who was only 9.

The parents of the couple got them married so that they could follow the rules. In 1912, he graduated from Bombay University with a degree in political science and economics and went to work for the Baroda state government. Sayajirao Gaekwad III gave Ambedkar a three-year scholarship, so he went to the United States in 1913. The grant was made so people could attend Columbia University in New York City to get a college degree. He studied Economics, Sociology, History, Philosophy, and Anthropology as his majors in 1915. In 1917, he finished his master's degree and wrote a thesis called "The Problem of the Rupee: its Origin and Solution." In 1923, the University of London gave him a D.Sc. in Economics.

B.R Ambedkar Political Career


By 1927, B.R. Ambedkar had started an effort to stop the practice of "untouchability." Not only did he let untouchables get water from the town's main water tank, but he also set up marches and protests to get more people access to drinking water. He pushed for the right to go into Hindu temples. At a meeting in late 1927, he said the Manusmriti was wrong because it ethically supported race prejudice and untouchability. He stressed that because employment in India is based on birth, there is less movement of workers in other businesses, which hurts India's economic growth.

As the labour minister, he was on the Viceroy's Executive Council and the Defence Advisory Committee. In 1940, in reaction to the Muslim League's Lahore Resolution, which called for Pakistan, he wrote "Thoughts on Pakistan," a 400-page book that looked at the idea of "Pakistan" from every point. In his book "Who Were the Shudras?" Babasaheb tried to explain how the "untouchables" got that way. His political party was taken over by the Scheduled Castes Federation. It did not do well in the 1946 polls for the Indian Constituent Assembly. Later, when the Muslim League was in charge in Bengal, Babasaheb was chosen to serve in the new parliament.

Shri Rai Kedarnath started college. When he died, he became head of the Ramjas College governing board at the University of Delhi. Ambedkar told his fans at the Yeola Conversion Conference in Nasik on October 13 that he had decided to change his religion. He also asked them to do the same. He ran for Bombay North in India's first general election in 1952 but lost. When he joined, he was put in charge of the Rajya Sabha. In 1954, there was a by-election in Bhandara, and he tried to run again for the Lok Sabha. He came in third, though. Babasaheb had already died by 1956 when the second general election was held.


 

B.R Ambedkar Biography: Birth, Early Life, Education, Political Career

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