Nilgiris District With Talukas: Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. The Nilgiris Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Their highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, height 2,633 m.The small district is contained mainly within this mountain range. The history of peoples settled in the Nilgiris hills has been recorded for several centuries. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky mist enveloping the area. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km 2. The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1000 to 2,600 meters above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiris plateau and the lower, smaller Wynaad plateau. The district lies at the juncture of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.
The District comprises six taluks; Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur, and Pandalur. These are divided among four Panchayat Unions. According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy of the district was 77.46%. Tamil is today the principal language spoken in the Nilgiris, but similar people may speak but many thousands speak and understand English too. Kannada, Malayalam, and Hindi are also used to an extent. There are one District Headquarters Government Hospital, 5 Taluk Hospitals, 28 Primary Health Centers, 194 Health Sub-Centers, and 5 Plague circles in the district. The Nilgiris District is basically a horticulture district. Its economy is based on commodity crops of tea, coffee, and spices followed in importance by potato, cabbage, carrot, and fruits. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. The district is home to several beautiful hill stations popular with tourists who flock to them during summer.
Talukas in Nilgiris District