Chennai district and Talukas : Chennai district also and formerly known as Madras district or "Madarasapattinam", is a district in the state of Tamil Nadu, in India. It is the smallest of all the districts in the state, but has the highest human density. The name Madras originated even before the British presence was established in India. The name Madras is said to have originated from a Portuguese phrase “Mae de Deus" which means "mother of god", due to Portuguese influence on the port city. Stone Age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. Chennai district covers an area of 178.2 km 2 located on the Eastern Coastal Plains of India. It is situated on the northeastern corner of Tamil Nadu along the Coramandel coast, a region bounded by the Bay of Bengal and is surrounded inland by the districts of Tiruvallur and Kanchipuram. Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km 2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city.
According to 2011 census, Chennai district had a population of 4,646,732 with a sex-ratio of 989 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy of the district was 81.27%. In December 2013, the district was divided into ten taluks. Chennai has a tropical wet and dry climate. Madras is divided into four broad regions: North, Central, South and West. North Madras is primarily an industrial area. South Madras and West Madras, previously mostly residential, are fast becoming commercial. Central Madras comprises residential elements, but is primarily home to the downtown area, and surrounding areas, the most visited by travelers to the city. All the transport system is available in Chennai including air, rail, metro rail, roads and sea.
Talukas in Chennai district