Mizoram State - Overview of Mizoram State with Districts

Mizoram State - Overview of Mizoram State with Districts: Mizoram is a state in northeastern India known for its stunning natural beauty, abundant flora, and fauna. The word "Mizo" refers to its highland geography. The region is rich in bamboo, banana, and pine trees and is home to unique orchid varieties found nowhere else in the country. Previously known as the Lushai Hills district under British rule, it became Mizoram in 1972 when it became a union territory. On February 20, 1987, Mizoram became the 23rd state of the Indian Union.

Mizoram State

Mizoram State


Geography of Mizoram

Mizoram is situated in northeastern India, between 21-58o to 24o 29' north latitude and 92o 29' to 93o 22' east longitude. The Tropic of Cancer passes close to its capital, Aizawl. It shares borders with Assam, Manipur, and Tripura states of India and is bordered by Chin Hills and Arakan in Myanmar, as well as the Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. Mizoram is characterized by hilly terrain, with ridges running from north to south, reaching an average height of 900 meters. The highest point in Mizoram is Blue Mountain, 2165 meters above sea level.

History of Mizoram

The early history of Mizoram is not extensively recorded. Still, it is believed that the Mizos, who belong to the Tibeto-Burmese race, migrated to the region hundreds of years ago. Settlements in the hills began between 1750 and 1850, and the tribal groups were governed by hereditary chieftains, with the Lushais being the most predominant tribe alongside others like Panei, Lakher, Chakma, and Riang.

During British rule, Mizoram became a part of British India in 1891, but local chieftains retained control over village administration. After India gained independence, Mizoram remained part of Assam. However, in 1971, it was carved out as a separate district under the reorganization act and was designated as a union territory on January 21, 1972. Finally, on February 20, 1987, Mizoram attained full statehood and became the 23rd state of India.

Districts of Mizoram State

The state has 8 districts. Below the table, we have listed the districts of Mizoram State:

Aizwal Lunglei Chhimtuipui
Lawngtlai Mamit Kolasib
Serchhip Champhai

Mizoram State - Overview of Mizoram State with Districts

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