6 Common and Possible Causes of Headache - Health Info

6 Common and Possible Causes of Headache: You are not the only one with a throbbing head. Headache is one of the common types of pain in the world. Absenteeism from school and work is common due to headaches. They have a negative impact on social and familial life as well.  

6 Common and Possible Causes of Headache

6 Common and Possible Causes of Headache

The nerves, muscles and blood vessels that cover a person's neck and head are responsible for most headaches. As blood vessels and muscles swell or contract, they stimulate or press on the surrounding nerve fibers. These nerves send a barrage of pain signals to the brain, causing a headache.
 

Common Causes of Headache

There are different types of headaches. Even though every headache is different, they all share one thing: pain. However, many headaches are accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Some of the most common and possible causes of headache are mentioned below:

Having a Cold or Flu

What you will notice about a cold or flu headache is a persistent pain that doesn’t seem to go away. The pain even affects your concentration and focus.
 
Sinus and congestion headaches have distinctive signs and symptoms; your head feels like a band of pressure is wrapping around it, specifically around your nose and sinuses. Usually, these headaches worsen in the morning as mucus builds up during the night and adds to the pressure. The pain can even get worse with any sudden movement of your head.

Stress

Headaches usually occur when you are stressed. Stress is the common trigger of migraine and tension-type headaches and activates other kinds of headaches or worsens the existing headache. The stress of significant life events such as the birth of a baby, the death of a closed one, a divorce or a career change is undeniable. But that is not generally the type of stress that activates headaches.
 
Instead, it is the everyday irritants such as sitting in traffic, searching for lost papers, tolerating petty irritations at work that can destroy your ability to continue your work. For some, this causes headaches. Responding to such daily stressors by grinding your teeth, tensing your muscles, or stiffening your shoulders can make your headaches even worse.

Eyesight Problems

In some cases working on a too dim or bright light or using the computer screen for too long may be the culprit. However, some eyesight problems cause you headaches if left untreated. They include: Astigmatism is a condition in which your cornea is not appropriately shaped and needs you to squint to focus your vision.
  • Presbyopia, a condition in which the lens of your eye becomes inflexible and hard with age, making it difficult to focus.
  • Hyperopia, or long-sightedness.
  • Cataracts, or the clouding of your eye’s lens, also bring about headaches when they become severe. As vision becomes restricted, your eye works harder.
  • However, headaches are also be triggered by something more serious, like cataracts or glaucoma. Glaucoma affects the eye's ability to drain fluid, causing pressure to build up inside it. This eventually damages the optic nerve. Angle-closure glaucoma results in a rapid rise in pressure, while open-angle glaucoma builds slowly, can cause discomfort, blur vision and headaches.

Not Eating Regular Meals

You may skip meals without noticing a drop in blood sugar that causes your body to release the hormones that pay for the depleted glucose levels, which in turn leads to high blood pressure and may also narrow your arteries. The result can be migraines and headaches.

Not Drinking Enough Fluids

An imbalance of electrolytes and fluid in your body may result in a dehydration headache. When you do not drink enough fluids, your body dehydrates, and the brain can temporarily shrink or contract from the fluid loss. This causes your brain to pull away from the skull, causing you pain and resulting in a headache.

Having Your Period or During Menopause

The drop in the level of estrogen before mensuration might contribute to a headache. Women suffering from migraines often experience headaches during and before menstruation. As you approach your menopause, the estrogen levels decline, though this can happen in an irregular fashion. But these fluctuations in your hormonal level may affect your headaches.

Home Remedies to Treat Headache

Headaches do happen. The good news is that there are some simple things that you can do to ease your pain even without visiting the doctor. You can treat occasional and mild headaches at your home with over-the-counter pain relievers. Some other self-care treatments for the headache include:
  1. Applying cold or heat packs on your head.
  2. Massaging your head, back or neck.
  3. Doing stretching exercises.
  4. Resting in a quiet and darkroom.
  5. Avoiding stressors and using beneficial coping strategies.
  6. Taking a walk.
  7. Eating regular meals, ensuring your stable blood sugar levels.
  8. Exercising regularly to boost your overall health and lower stress.
  9. Getting enough sleep, following a routine.
  10. Taking breaks while working to prevent eye strain.
  11. Limiting alcohol intake and drinking plenty of water.
Why put up with headaches when they disrupt your daily life activities? If you are too a headache sufferer, do not worry as there are so many treatments that you can choose from. If the first treatment does not work for you, don’t give up. Your doctor can recommend some other strategies or treatments that would be the right fit for you. Just consult a psychiatrist in Karachi via Marham.pk. and get yourself treated before it’s too late.

6 Common and Possible Causes of Headache

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