First things you should know about Artificial Intelligence (AI)

First things you should know about Artificial Intelligence (AI): In the rapid changes that are happening in our society, technology is obviously one of the fastest things to evolve. As these changes are increasing, the need to adapt is becoming inevitable. That is why one of the means of adapting to these changes is the use of artificial intelligence or most commonly known as AI


Artificial Intelligence is not really new from our ears. It is so popular in many public discussions and media. However, most of us are not truly aware of what AI is all about. In this article, I will be discussing the first things you should know about artificial intelligence such as the meaning of AI, the types of AI, the functions of AI and its importance.

The Meaning of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Maybe you have heard about and are so familiar with robotics, automation, and Google. Even though you are not knowledgeable enough about AI but you are actually using or benefiting from it every day. For example, when you want to search for something, you just have to browse a term through Google then your computer will automatically give you various results related to what you are looking for. You may also be surprised when you notice why Facebook will notify you about the birthday of a friend or even memories through your posted photos in the past. Have you ever used a mobile App like Waze which is better than you when it comes to remembering directions and has sharper geographical knowledge? These common experiences are in fact, applications of artificial intelligence. 

 



Now how do we define AI? Though this term has been defined in different ways, AI simply means building machines that are capable of thinking and acting like humans. It is a branch of computer science which deals with machine learning which can be programmed to perform, imitate, and even sometimes surpass the abilities of intelligent beings. The best examples of AI are computers, mobile phones, and robots.


To clearly understand the meaning of AI, let us cite some of the everyday examples of how AI works.

  • Auto-correct ability of MS Word when you are typing;
  • Google Maps’ ability in traffic and speed analysis;
  • Chatbot which automatically responding to electronic messages;
  • Fingerprint recognition of mobile phones and biometric machines; and
  • Social Media such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter have knowledge about your interests and recommend something you might be interested in.

Social Media

 

Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI)


The broad scope of artificial intelligence will lead us in classifying it into different types for better understanding. As humans who have different aspects of intelligence, technological devices and computer-generated machines with AI have various types according to their level of human-like ability. These types are: AIs with reactive ability, with limited memory, AIs according to the theory of mind, and AIs with self-awareness. The first two types are commonly operating today but the next two types are still in the process of development.

AIs with reactive ability

The first type of AI system is the reactive one. It means that machines or computers are only capable of responding based on how they were programmed and are not able to learn. This AI neither can store memories nor analyze past experiences to make decisions. A very good and simple example of it is a computer-programmed Chess game. It can only react to what it directly sees but cannot function beyond the specific responses registered in its system.

AIs with limited memory

Another type of AI is the one with limited memory. Unlike the first type we have previously discussed, AIs under this category are now capable of analyzing some data from the past in order to make better predictions. However, the ability of this type is limited because it can only perform based on what it has already experienced. A self-driving car is an example of an AI with limited memory where it can operate using the pre-programmed knowledge and observational capability that enable it to read the environment and make some adjustments if needed. Its decisions are made through the predictions that its limited memory can produce.

AIs according to Theory of Mind

The AIs in this context are still in the process of development and are more futuristic. This type of AI is being structured with rational ability to make decisions just like humans. It will not only perform representational and storage of memories but also the capacity for social interaction. The notable progress in the creation of this type of AI is the invention of humanoid robots which can interact with emotions and make more accurate responses in communication. Some of the latest developments is the ability to have facial expressions.

AIs with Self-Awareness

Lastly, the innovative modifications in artificial intelligence systems gearing towards the involvement of self-awareness. The goal is to make AIs possess human-like consciousness. It means that machines will not only interact with humans but also have desires, understanding of its own feelings as well as the capability to think about itself. Thus, it will be able to make decisions according to its own will and not just only by replication or recognition.

Functions of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Its Importance

Artificial Intelligence has so many functions which become more beneficial for humans. It is not about overpowering humans but its purpose is to help humans. Human work assisted by AI can make it more efficient and more productive. While natural humans are limited by time, strength, and abilities, artificial intelligence systems can work beyond these limits.
If you are a beginner in learning about AI, it will be more helpful for you to know some of the specific functions and importance of AI in daily life. This will also lead you to appreciate the benefits we can get in using this system. The following are selected common functions and importance of AI:
  • It can easily handle, gather and analyze big data.
  • Time constraints will not be a problem because AI can work 24 hours.
  • It can produce, decide and work faster than humans.
  • Reduce human errors.
  • Useful for repetitive works.
  • It has more accurate predictions, calculations, and decisions.
  • Search optimization for more relevant results.

Conclusion

To summarize, AI simply means building machines that are capable of thinking and acting like humans. It is a branch of computer science which deals with machine learning which can be programmed to perform, imitate, and even sometimes surpass the abilities of intelligent beings.It is classified into four types, namely, AIs with reactive ability, with limited memory, AIs according to theory of mind, and AIs with self-awareness. The main function of artificial intelligence is to assist humans to become more effective and efficient in work because it can perform beyond human limitations.

 

Short Bio
Dan Jefferson Lopez is a freelance writer interested in blog content writing about business, technology, and academics. He wants to help fill your sites with informative and marketable contents.

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