Thursday, April 27, 2017

Uttar Pradesh State With Districts in India

Uttar Pradesh State With Districts: Uttar Pradesh abbreviated as UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. The state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over 200 million inhabitants. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces during British rule in India, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. The main ethnic group is the Hindi people. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the Himalayan hill region of Uttar Pradesh. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The two major rivers of Uttar Pradesh, the Ganges and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and then flow as the Ganges further east. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations.



Uttar Pradesh State


Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometers is India’s fourth largest state in terms of land area. It is situated on the northern side of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas borders the state on the north, but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north, it includes the Ganges- Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghara plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai. The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region is in the south. It is characterized by hard rock strata and a varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateaus.

The Bhabhar tract gives place to the terai area which is covered with tall elephant grass and thick forests are covered with marshes and swamps.  Uttar Pradesh has more than 32 large and small rivers of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are larger and of religious importance in Hinduism. Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four seasons. Given the concentration of most of this rainfall in the four months of the monsoon, excess rain can lead to floods and shortage to droughts. As such, these two phenomena, floods and droughts, commonly recur in the state. Many people dies also due to these two phenomena in Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh has an abundance of natural resources. Several species of trees, large and small mammals, reptiles, and insects are found in the belt of temperate upper mountainous forests. Medicinal plants are found in the wild and are also grown in plantations. Moist deciduous trees grow in the upper Gangetic plain, especially along its riverbanks. This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. The Ganges and its tributaries are the habitat of large and small reptiles, amphibians, fresh-water fish, and crabs. Scrubland trees such as the babool and animals such as the chinkara are found in the arid Vindhyas. Other animals in Uttar Pradesh include reptiles such as lizards, cobras, kraits, and gharials. Among the wide variety of fishes, the most common ones are mahaseer and trout. Some animal species in Uttar Pradesh have gone extinct in recent years, while others, like the lion from the Gangetic Plain and the rhinoceros from the Terai region, have become endangered. Government of Uttar Pradesh are trying their best to save these animals. As these animals are one of the rarest in India.

Uttar Pradesh is divided into 75 districts under these 18 divisions. Uttar Pradesh has more metropolitan cities than any other state in India. Uttar Pradesh has a large population and a high population growth rate. From 1991 to 2001 its population increased by over 26% which is a large number. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with 20 crores people on 1 March 2011. The sex ratio in 2011, at 908 women to 1000 men, was lower than the national figure of 933. Uttar Pradesh has a large number of people living below the poverty line. Uttar Pradesh is home to the maximum number of Hindu and Muslim population. The religion-wise percentage of the population in 2011 was Hindus 79.73, Muslims 19.26, Sikhs 0.30, Jains 0.11, Buddhists 0.10, Christians 0.18 and others 0.30. The literacy rate of the state at the 2011 census was 70%. Hindi is the sole official language of Uttar Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population Urdu is given the status of a second official language.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (2011 data), Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes among any state in India, but due to its high population, the actual per capita crime rate is low. The state is attracting foreign direct investment which has mostly come in the software and electronics fields. Noida and Lucknow are becoming a major hub for the information technology (IT) industry and houses the headquarters of most of the major corporate, media and financial institutions. Uttar Pradesh has the largest railway network in the country and the sixth highest railway density. Allahabad is the headquarters of the North Central Railway and Gorakhpur is the headquarters of the North Eastern Railway. The state has a large, multimodal transportation system with the largest road network in the country. Uttar Pradesh is well connected to its nine neighboring states and almost all other parts of India through the national highways (NH). The Lucknow Metro is being constructed in the city of Lucknow as an alternative mode of transport. The capital city is witnessing a swift rise in the number of immigrants and this has called for the transformation of Public modes of transport. The Lucknow Airport is the second busiest airport in North India after the Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi. Uttar Pradesh has also proposed creating the Taj International Airport at Kurikupa near Hirangaon, Tundla in Firozabad district. An international Airport is also proposed at Kushinagar. Uttar Pradesh has more than 45 universities, including 5 central universities, 28 state universities, 8 deemed universities, 2 IITs, 1 IIM in Lucknow, 1 NIT in Allahabad, 2 IIITs, 1 National Law University in Lucknow and several polytechnics, engineering colleges and industrial training institutes. Prestigious institutes like the Aligarh Muslim University, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (Kanpur), Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), the Indian Institute of Management (Lucknow) etc. are known worldwide for their quality education and research in their respective fields which are there in Uttar Pradesh.

Districts in Uttar Pradesh


Agra Aligarh Allahabad
Amethi Amroha Auraiya
Azamgarh Baghpat Bahraich
Ballia Balrampur Banda
Bareilly Basti Bhadohi
Bijnor Budaun Bulandshahar
Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria
Etah Etawah Faizabad
Farukkhabad Fatehpur Firozabad
Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur
Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur
Hapur Hardoi Hathras
Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi
Kannauj Kanpur Dehat Kanpur Nagar
Kasganj Kaushambi Kushi Nagar
Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow
Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri
Mathura Mau Meerut
Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffar Nagar
Pilibhit Pratapgarh Raebareli
Rampur Saharanpur Sambhal
Sant Kabir Nagar Shahjahanpur Shamli
Shravasti Siddharth Nagar Sitapur
Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao
Ambedkar Nagar Varanasi Barabanki



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