Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Goa State With Districts in India

Goa State With Districts: Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan in Western India. It is bounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast. It is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Goa is India's richest state, with a GDP per capita two and a half times more than that of our country. It was ranked the best placed state by the Eleventh Finance Commission for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India by the National Commission on Population. Panaji is the capital of Goa, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. It has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range.

Goa State


In ancient India, Goa was known by many names, such as Gomanchala, Gopakapattana,  Gopakapattam, Gopakapuri, G ovapuri, Govem, and Gomantak. Goa's seven major rivers are the Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona and the Sal. The Zuari and the Mandovi are the most important rivers, interspaced by the Kumbarjua canal, Goa features a tropical monsoon climate under the Koppen climate classification. Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, so it has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. 

The state is divided into two districts: North Goa and South Goa. Each district is administered by a district collector, appointed by the Indian government. Panaji is the headquarters of North Goa district and is also the capital of Goa. North Goa is further divided into three subdivisions and five taluks. South Goa is further divided into five subdivisions and seven taluks. Goa's major cities include Vasco da Gama, Margao, Panaji, Mapusa and Ponda. Panaji is the only Municipal Corporation in Goa. There are thirteen Municipal Councils in Goa.

Goa's wildlife sanctuaries has more than 1512 species of plants, over 275 species of birds, over 48 kinds of animals and over 60 genera of reptiles. Goa is also known for its coconut cultivation. The coconut tree has been reclassified by the government as a palm (like a grass). Rice is the main food crop with pulses (legume), Ragi (Finger Millet) and other food crops are also grown in Goa. Main cash crops are coconut, cashewnut, arecanut, sugarcane and fruits like pineapple, mango and banana. Goa's state animal is the Gaur, the state bird is the Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul, and the state tree is the Asan. The important forests products are bamboo canes, Maratha barks, chillar barks and the bhirand. A large number of deciduous trees, such as teak, Sal tree, cashew and mango trees are present. Fruits include jackfruit, mango, pineapple and "black-berry". Goa's forests are rich with medicinal plants. Foxes, wild boar and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. The avifauna (bird species) includes kingfisher, myna and parrot. Numerous types of fish are also caught off the coast of Goa and in its rivers. Crab, lobster, shrimp, jellyfish, oysters and catfish are the basis of the marine fishery. Goa also has a high snake population. Goa has many famous National Parks. Goa has more than 33% of its geographic area under government forests which is just awesome. It means that people’s residing in Goa can have a lot of fresh environment.

The land away from the coast of Goa is rich in minerals and ores, and mining forms the second largest industry. Iron, bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica are mined. Agriculture has played an important part in the economy of Goa from last 4-5 years. Rice is the main agricultural crop, followed by areca, cashew and coconut. Fishing also employs a lot of people in Goa. There are many medium scale industries include the manufacturing of pesticides, fertilizers, tires, tubes, footwear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, brewery products.

According to 2011 census, Goa has a population of about 1.5 millions. The sex ratio is 973 females to 1000 males. Goa also is the state with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes. Goa had India's earliest educational institutions built with European support.  Goa Medical College is one of Asia's oldest medical colleges and has one of the oldest medical libraries (since 1845). It houses the largest hospital in Goa and continues to provide medical training to this day. According to the 2011 census, Goa has a literacy rate of 87%, with 90% of males and 84% of females being literate. There are six engineering colleges in Goa. Goa Engineering College and National Institute of Technology Goa are government funded colleges.

Goa has an international airport named as Goa International Airport. Goa's public transport largely consists of privately operated buses linking the major towns to rural areas along with government buses. Goa has four National Highways passing through it. Goa also has two rail lines. It also has a harbor named as Mormugao harbor.

Districts of Goa State

North Goa South Goa


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